Skip to main content

Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

See other formats

{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f2\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f3\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f4\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f5\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f6\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f7\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f8\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f10\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f12\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f14\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f2\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl2893\margr3638\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn2893\margrsxn3638\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li176\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx1516 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-17\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 54{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw-2 PROGRESS OF KNOWLEDGE}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri18\sb220\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 knowledge in other directions as well.   The systematic \expndtw10 j and intensive study of Vedic texts and the  practical \expndtw8 ' needs of religion in due course resulted in the growth \sub\expndtw0 v\nosupersub  of   such   sciences   as    \i Vyakamna   \i0 (grammar),    \i Siksa \i0\expndtw-2 ; (phonetics), \i Kalpa \i0 (ritual), \i Nirukta \i0 (etymology), \i Cbandas \expndtw-4 \\ \i0 (metrics), \i Jyotisa \i0 (astronomy).   These \i Veddngas \i0 or "limbs \i\sub\expndtw-1 t\nosupersub  \i0 of the Veda" aim at "explaining, preserving or practically \expndtw1 * applying the sacred texts."\super 1\nosupersub    In this group, the most in\-\expndtw0 teresting works are those dealing with sacrificial aspects, \expndtw6 "^ phonetics, derivation, and grammar.    We may \expndtw9 mention here the \i Niru&ta \i0 of Yaska, which, \expndtw6 i its value for exegesis and  grammar, is "the \expndtw1 i^rimen of Sanskrit prose of the classical type." \expndtw7 mother development of the period that of \expndtw3 ialects arising out of the old Vedic  speech \scaps\expndtw-5 d, \scaps0 the one current in \i Madhyadesa \i0 assumed pre-\expndtw0 M became the standard vehicle of expression, \expndtw6 ^anskrit, 'polished,' in contradistinction \expndtw4 vernaculars called Prakrits.    Its forci \expndtw3 -' *w the labours of grammarians, parti-\expndtw2 ^\super <v\nosupersub  gradually tended to be  limited \expndtw9 of the community.   Next, the may be traced to the attempts \expndtw1 own rules for the conduct of an \expndtw-1 s gods, family, society, and the \expndtw0 ad no literary merit or g* ace; peculiarly  condensed  and \super\expndtw2 u\nosupersub -" purpose of mernorisa-and   importance   was}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li3841\fi-130\ri0\sb486\sa0\sl-194\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 :\nosupersub ect of frequent contio-\expndtw0 oo B.C." \i (Cam. Hist. \i0\expndtw-5 5); whereas Macdonell \expndtw-2 soon after, 500 B.C. \expndtw1 .darkar, on the other \expndtw4 ibout "the beginning}\par }